Ever wonder why our elections are timed this way? It turns out to be an interesting story.
Early in our history, Congress set the date for Electoral College meetings to be held the first Wednesday in December, further requiring the states to choose their electors within the prior 34 days.
It was not until 1845, though, that Congress established a uniform election day, setting it 29 days before the Electoral College meeting. The Electoral College meeting date was later moved to the Monday after the second Wednesday in December. But the Tuesday election date in early November stuck.
But why Tuesday? Why early November? And why not simply the first Tuesday in November?